Symptoms of Depression

If you are depressed, you often lose interest in the things that you used to enjoy. Depression can interfere with your work, your social life, and your family life. In addition, there are many other symptoms, which can be physical, psychological, and social.

Psychological symptoms

Psychological symptoms of depression include:

  • continuous low mood, or sadness,
  • feelings of hopelessness and helplessness,
  • low self-esteem, tearfulness, feelings of guilt,
  • feeling irritable and intolerant towards others,
  • lack of motivation, and little interest in things in general,
  • lack of enjoyment, difficulty making decisions,
  • suicidal thoughts, or thoughts of harming someone else,
  • feeling anxious or worried.

Physical symptoms

Physical symptoms of depression include:

  • slowed movement and speech
  • change in appetite and weight (your weight will usually decrease, but sometimes it may increase)
  • digestive complaints, such as indigestion, constipation or diarrhoea
  • unexplained aches and pains
  • lack of energy, a lack of interest in sex, and a reduced sex drive
  • changes to the menstrual cycle (in women).

Social symptoms

Social symptoms of depression include:

  • not performing well at work,
  • taking part in fewer social activities, and avoiding contact with friends,
  • reduced hobbies and interests, and
  • difficulties in home and with family life.

Grief and Depressions

Even though grief and depression share many of the same characteristics, there are important differences between them. Grief is an entirely natural response to a loss, while depression is an illness. However, sometimes, it can be hard to distinguish between feelings of grief and depression.

People who are grieving find that feelings of loss and sadness come in waves, but they are still able to enjoy things, and are able to look forward to the future. However, those who are depressed have a constant feeling of sadness, they do not enjoy anything and have little sense of a positive future.

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